For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Romans 15:4
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TYPES OF CHRIST IN THE OLD TESTAMENT

 A Bible Study - Commentary by Jim Melough

Copyright 2001 James Melough

URIAH THE HITTITE

There is no more unlikely place to find a type of Christ than among the Hittites, yet we can't read the scriptural account of the man who was Bath-sheba's husband without seeing that in him God would indeed have us see a picture of His Son.

The account is preserved in 2 Sa 11, where he is introduced as the husband of Bath-sheba, which means, "Daughter of the oath." Remembering that Christ is God, in relation to Whom Israel is frequently described as His adulterous wife, it isn't difficult to see here a picture of Christ and Israel.  The omission of any recorded evil relative to Uriah points to the moral perfection of Christ, while the adultery of Bath-sheba portrays, not only the sin of Israel, but of the whole world.  All men have proved unfaithful to God.  The meaning of her name reminds us that the nation she represents is also the "daughter of the oath," for it is to Israel that God has promised every blessing.

The meaning of Uriah's name is equally significant, for it means, "My light is God."  It was so with Christ.  God the Father was His light always, the Lord Himself being the Light of the world.

David's treacherous scheming to accomplish the death of this upright man scarcely needs comment.  It is clearly a foreshadowing of the treacherous scheming of the Jewish leaders to slay Christ.

Christ's perfections, however, are symbolically portrayed, not only in the absence of any recorded evil concerning Uriah, but also in the good that is recorded of him.  His concern for the things of God are expressed in his words to David who had unsuccessfully attempted to have him go down to his own house, "The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house...?" verse 11.  This is but a faint picture of the greater concern that Christ had for the things of God.

We should note also that twice it is recorded that Uriah, instead of going to his own house, choose rather to sleep at the door of the king's house, with the servants, verses 9, 13.  Surely no one will fail to see in this that zeal for God's glory that led Christ to take the place of a servant, and renounce every earthly comfort.

Every detail enhances the clarity of the symbolic picture.  It was Uriah's own hand that carried the letter containing the details of the plan for his own death.  The very same Scriptures which detailed the death Christ was to die, were continually upon His lips.  There was one notable difference, however.  Uriah had no knowledge that he carried his own death warrant.  Christ was familiar with every word of Scripture.

"Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die," verse 15.  In comparison with the battle fought at Calvary, all earthly battles pale into insignificance, but no one will fail to see Calvary foreshadowed in that battle where Uriah died.  Nor will any spiritual mind miss the significance of David's command to Joab, "... and retire ye from him...."  This detail was also fulfilled in Christ, for in regard to Him it is written, "... they all forsook Him and fled," MK 14:50.

... and Uriah the Hittite died," verse 17; but with all his scheming which resulted in the death of this innocent man,   David's sin wasn't covered.  It was, in fact, now compounded by murder!  2 Sa 12:7 records the denunciation pronounced by Nathan the prophet, "Thou art the man," wringing from the lips of the guilty king the cry, "I have sinned against the Lord," verse 13; but bringing from God the assurance, "The Lord also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die."  That assurance was given only because God had his eye on the One represented by Uriah - His only Son the Lord Jesus Christ, and on the day when that Son would die, "the just for the unjust," 1 Pe 3:15, not only for David's terrible sin, but for all the sins of a guilty world.

The value God sets upon that Son may be measured by the frequency with which He sets Christ before us on the pages of the Old Testament, Uriah being only one of many such types of Christ. 

In spite of the ever increasing tendency of an unspiritual Christianity to attempt to hide its spiritual blindness by disparaging biblical typology, the truth is that we are reading Scripture correctly when we look for these types; the discovery of them being simply the witness of the Holy Spirit with our spirit that it is He Who has illuminated our minds; that it is He Who is fulfilling the Lord's words, "The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost ... shall teach you all things," Jn 14:25.  "Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. 

He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you," Jn 16:13-14.

 

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     Scripture portions taken from the Holy Bible, King James Version
2000-2005 James Melough
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