For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Romans 15:4



 A Bible Study - Commentary by Jim Melough

Copyright 2000 James Melough



14:18.  “And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.”

Melchizedek, meaning king of righteousness, is clearly a type of Christ, for relative to Christ it is written, “Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek ... called of God an high priest after the order of Melchizedek” (Heb 5:6-10).  Hebrews chapter seven refers to this meeting between Melchizedek and Abram, and supplies details not given here in the Genesis record.  Heb 7:3 declares Melchizedek to have been, “without father, without mother, without descent (ancestry or beginning), having neither beginning of days nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.”

This verse has perplexed many, unnecessarily.  Melchizedek was not Christ: he was “made like Him.”  “... without father ... mother ... descent” is not declaring him to have been eternally existing.  It is simply that his birth and lineage have not been recorded, so that he might stand as a type of Him Who is eternal.  “... having neither beginning of days, nor end of life: abideth a priest continually.”  The omission of the record of his birth and death is designed to focus attention on the seeming eternal duration of his priesthood.  It wasn’t eternal.  Like his life, it did have a beginning and an end, but the unrecorded terminals of his priesthood make it symbolic of the eternal priesthood of Christ.  Hebrews chapter seven makes it clear that Melchizedek was simply a man, who as king of Jerusalem (Salem), i.e., king of peace, and priest of the most high God, was a type of Christ.

For further details on Melchizedek, please consult the notes on Genesis, chapter 14 in BIBLE STUDIES



     Scripture portions taken from the Holy Bible, King James Version
© 2000-2005 James Melough