For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Romans 15:4



 A Bible Study - Commentary by Jim Melough

Copyright 2001 James Melough


Many of the incidents in the life of David make it clear that he is a type of the Lord Jesus Christ, and while some of those typological pictures are more easily discerned than others, there is one that no one can fail to see easily.  It is that which is recorded in 2 Sa chs.15-19.

As the result of a rebellion led by his son Absalom, David had to flee for his life, the first stage of that flight being his crossing of the Kidron, “... the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron....” 1 Sa 15:23.  We read that the King of kings, on the night of His betrayal, also crossed the Kidron, “... He went forth ... over the brook Kidron,” Jn 18:1, and it too was because of rebellion: that of His creature, man.

David’s perfect acquiescence in the Divine will is recorded in verses 25-26, “... if I shall find favor in the eyes of the Lord, He will bring me (back) again ... but if He thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, here am I, let Him do to me as seemeth good unto Him.”  This foreshadows Christ’s willing acceptance of His Father’s will as expressed in His prayer in Gethsemane, “Father, if Thou be willing, remove this cup from Me: nevertheless not My will, but Thine, be done,” Lk 22:42.

Then there is the reference to Ahithophel, the trusted friend who proved to be a traitor, and who afterwards hanged himself, “And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators....” 1 Sa 15:31.  “And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he ... hanged himself....” ch.17:23.  Who will fail to see in this the OT picture of Judas the traitor, who, after having betrayed the Lord, “went and hanged himself,” Mt 27:5?

David’s flight involved a night time crossing of Jordan, “Then David arose ... and they passed over Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not gone over Jordan,” 1 Sa 17:22.  The Jordan is the biblical symbol of death. David’s crossing in the darkness of night reminds us that it was in the three hours of darkness at Calvary that the Lord “crossed over Jordan,” dying to redeem your soul and mine.  There is one significant difference, however: David was accompanied by friends: the Lord “crossed over Jordan” alone, for “... they all forsook Him, and fled,” Mk 14:50.

Just before the battle that crushed the rebellion, David’s command to his captains was, “Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom,” 1 Sa 18:5.  Just before the conclusion of the battle that crushed the rebellious power of Satan, the Lord invoked the Father on behalf of those responsible for His crucifixion, “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do,” Lk 23:34.

But the David who crossed Jordan once, sorrowing, and in the darkness of night, re-crossed Jordan, rejoicing, and in the light of day.  Since crossing Jordan represents death, the return crossing represents  resurrection.  That same Christ Who “crossed Jordan” once, sorrowing, and in the hours of darkness, has re-crossed the river of death, rejoicing, and in the light of day.

“And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun,” Mk 16:2, to hear the announcement of the angel, “He is risen,” Mk 16:6.

Nor should we miss the significance of what is recorded concerning David’s return over Jordan.  He was met by those whom he described as “My brethren ... my bones and my flesh,” 1 Sa 19:12, the men of Judah, meaning “He shall be praised.”  The Lord Jesus Christ deigns to call believers, “My brethren,” Heb 2:11; and Eph 5:30, reminds us that, “We are members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones.”  Until that coming glorious morning when we shall see Him face to face, it is our privilege to meet the risen Lord on the first day of each week with what Judah represents: praise and worship.



     Scripture portions taken from the Holy Bible, King James Version
© 2000-2005 James Melough