For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Romans 15:4



 A Bible Study - Commentary by Jim Melough

Copyright 2001 James Melough

2:1.  “Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your sisters, Ru-hamah.”

In referring to them as Ammi my people, and Ru-hamah shown mercy or having obtained mercy, it seems that God was commanding Hosea to address the believing remnant, telling them to plead with their apostate brethren and sisters.

2:2.  “Plead with your mother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband: let her therefore put away her whoredoms out of her sight, and here adulteries from between her breasts;”

It is instructive to note that apostate Israel is here described as the mother of the believing remnant, thus making that remnant second generation, as it were, and this is in perfect harmony with the principle stated in Heb 10:9, “He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second,” and declared symbolically throughout Scripture in God’s choice of the secondborn rather than the firstborn to be the channel of blessing, see, for example, His rejection of Cain, Ishmael, Esau, Reuben, Manasseh, and His acceptance of Abel, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, and Ephraim.  The principle was stated explicitly by the Lord Himself in Jn 3:3,7, ”Except a man be born again he cannot see (enter) the kingdom of God.... Ye must be born again.”  In Scripture, the firstborn always represents what we are by natural birth; the secondborn, what we become as a result of the new birth.  This seems to confirm that here God’s command through Hosea was to the believing remnant.

Plead means strive or contend with: debate with: rebuke.  The believing remnant was to use all these means to convict their apostate brethren of their terrible sin, not with a view to repentance - apostate Israel had already crossed the invisible line separating God’s mercy from His wrath - but to make her aware of the terrible judgments soon to fall upon her, she thus becoming a warning to Judah and to all others not to follow in her idolatrous footsteps.

“... she is not my wife, neither am I her husband” is literally “she is no longer my wife, neither am I any longer her husband.”  She by her wantonness had severed that relationship into which she had been brought with Jehovah when He redeemed her to Himself out of Egyptian bondage.

This may not be taken to teach that a genuine believer could ever lose his salvation: he can’t; but rather to teach that mere profession is not salvation.  Israel claimed to be God’s people, but apart from the small believing remnant within the apostate mass of the nation, she knew nothing of a faith relationship with Jehovah.  That apostate mass is a type of the professing, but equally apostate professing church today, and the same dreadful fate awaits her, for as the apostate Israel of Hosea’s day was destroyed by Assyria, so will the apostate church be destroyed by the Tribulation-age beast emperor after the true Church has been raptured home to heaven.

It is to be remembered, however, that the fate of the apostate corporate body will be also that of the individuals comprising it, the Lord Himself warning in Mt 7:21-23, “Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.  Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name?  and in thy name have cast out devils?  and in thy name done many wonderful works?  And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.”

Whoredom implies sexual activity for payment, and Israel’s idolatrous relationship with the Canaanite gods had been for that very purpose.  Believing the lie of her Canaanite neighbors that Baal was the god who could multiply their children, give or withhold abundant harvests, increase their flocks and herds, they gave to him the worship that belongs to God alone.  Their sin, in fact, was simply lack of faith to believe His word; but faithlessness is the unpardonable sin, for it is failure to believe God that ultimately excludes men from heaven and consigns them to hell and the lake of fire, there being no sin that God won’t forgive in response to believing faith.

Adultery, on the other hand, is illicit sexual activity, not for payment, but to gratify lust, and God’s describing Israel as an adulteress simply declares that she preferred the gross licentiousness associated with the worship of Baal, to the pure and holy worship of Jehovah.

No one can deny that actual harlotry and adultery are two of the besetting sins of our own society, nor can it be denied that their spiritual counterparts are equally pervasive: money, and   worldly knowledge are two of the principal god’s worshiped today, their deluded votaries believing that in the possession of these lies happiness and peace, while the worship of the goddess Pleasure has in view the gratification of every lust.  The judgment which overtook the Israel of Hosea’s day is but a type of the more terrible imminent Tribulation judgments that will destroy the whole corrupt commercial, political, military, and religious edifice created by the evil ingenuity of puny man in defiance of God, Whose foreknowledge of all this is declared in 2 Tim 3:1, “But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come.  For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good, traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasures rather than lovers of God, having a form of godliness but denying its power,” (NKJV).

It is instructive to note that James describes as adulterers and adulteresses those who court the friendship of this present evil world, “Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God?  whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God,” Jas 4:4.

2:3.  “Lest I strip her naked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.”

There are indications that prior to her execution an adulterous wife was stripped naked, see e.g., Ez 16:36-40.  God had lavished multiplied blessings upon Israel, but now they were all to be taken away because she in her folly had turned from Jehovah, and instead worshiped Baal as her imagined benefactor.

“... and set her as in the day that she was born.”  The day of Israel’s birth was that one in which she had lain the helpless, destitute bondslave of the Egyptian oppressor, a slavery from which God had redeemed her by the blood of the Passover lamb, leading her as a shepherd leads his sheep, through the wilderness and into Canaan with its milk and honey, where He multiplied her, and in the days of David and Solomon crowned her with glory by giving her dominion over all other nations.  But foolish Israel had forgotten all that, and as a result was to be returned to the destitution and slavery from which God had first taken her, Assyria taking the place of Egypt as her task master.

“... and make her as a wilderness, and set her like a dry land.”   God had sent the early and the latter rain upon Canaan so that Israel’s harvests had been abundant, and He had multiplied her flocks and herds, and her children, so that she lacked nothing, but she turned from Him, and credited Baal with her blessings.  Consequently she was to become in Assyria what she would have been had Canaan been a wilderness, a desert.  All she would have as bondslave of the Assyrian would be what would keep her alive to do his work, while he enjoyed the fruit of her toil.

“... and slay her with thirst.”  The language is metaphoric.  As a thirsty man craves water so would captive Israel languish in Assyria, their numbers being diminished by lack of even the necessities of life, only the fittest surviving to serve the taskmaster, the feeble and aged being accounted worthless.  How bitter would be their regret as they remembered, too late, the blessedness of their state when God had been to them as a loving husband delighting to lavish upon them all that their hearts could desire!  So will it be with her again, and with an apostate Christendom, and all the nations, in the fast approaching Tribulation, concerning which we read, “And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.  And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine,” Re 6:5-6, expositors being virtually unanimous in taking this to be the portrait of famine that will grip the whole earth in the Tribulation.

2:4.  “And I will not have mercy upon her children; for they be the children of whoredoms.”

The focus here shifts from the corporate body, the nation, to the individuals comprising it, reminding us that ultimately it is the individual who is responsible before God, each unbeliever’s degree of eternal punishment in the lake of fire being in proportion to the degree of his rebellion against God; and each believer’s eternal reward being in proportion to the measure of faithfulness with which he exercised his stewardship here on earth.

“... for they be the children of whoredoms.”  The national sin simply reflected the state of the individuals comprising the apostate majority of the nation, as does that of the professing but apostate harlot church reflect the state of its members.  Their being “children of whoredoms” may mean that they were the product of their evil parents, or that they themselves delighted in the licentiousness associated with Baal worship.  Both, in fact, were true, and God would have no mercy, because they refused to repent, forsake their sin, and return to Him.  Such will be the case also in connection with an unrepentant world in the Tribulation.  Only a relative few will repent, those of them who die, entering heaven; and those who survive alive till Christ’s return, entering the millennial kingdom.

2:5.  “For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool, and my flax, mine oil and my drink.”

Israel was the mother of the apostate nation, playing the harlot by forsaking Jehovah, and giving to the Canaanite Baalim (Baal was the principal among many false gods), the worship which belonged to Him alone, believing the lie of her heathen neighbors that it was Baal and other false gods who gave her her food and drink, her clothing, her oil and her wine, i.e., who supplied all her needs.  She was about to learn to her sorrow the extent of her error, and the enormity of her wickedness, when those “gods” were shown to be incapable, not only of supplying her needs, but of delivering her out of the hand of Him Who still loved her, but Who must also, because of His Own holy nature, punish her sin.

Today’s world has aped her folly.  Having cast off all knowledge of God, they worship money and education, crediting them with the power to supply all their needs, and worshiping the goddess Pleasure as the one who makes possible the gratification of every sensual lust.  The Assyrian captivity of Israel is but a shadow of the terrible Tribulation judgments about to overtake this present evil world and its false church. 

2:6.  “Therefore, behold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths.”

Israel’s saying “I will go after my lovers,” seems to imply that the imagined bounty of the Baalim had begun to diminish, the truth being that Jehovah was withdrawing His blessing by refusing to give the needed rain, and by reducing the fertility of the earth, thus exposing the failure of the imagined power of the Baalim, and at the same time attempting to lead Israel to repentance.  It seems, in fact, that Israel’s going after her “lovers” was another way of saying that she was offering more costly sacrifices, and rendering a greater degree of devotion, in order to regain the favor of those nonexistent “gods.”

Jehovah’s response, however, to her increased attempts to placate the Baalim was to render those attempts futile.  He was the One she needed to placate, for though she refused to believe it, it was He, not the Baalim, Who had supplied her food and water, her clothing, and her oil and wine.  Thorns are the biblical symbol of sin, see Ge 3:18, and also of the misery that attends it.  By hedging up her way with thorns, i.e., by multiplying her miseries; and by making a wall between her and her imagined lovers, i.e., by refusing to give what she imagined her increased sacrifices would induce the Baalim to give, she would finally come to realize, too late, the enormity of her sin, and the utter worthlessness of the imagined gods to which she had given the love and worship which belong to Jehovah alone.

2:7.  “And she shall follow after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first husband; for then was it better with me than now.”

This continues to portray Israel’s offering more costly sacrifices to the Baalim in order to induce them to restore the bounty with which she in her folly had credited them instead of Jehovah.  Her failure to overtake or find them declares that God would continue to blight her harvests until she had learned, too late, that it was He, and not the Baalim, who had been the Source of all her past blessings.

Conspicuously absent from her determination to return to her first “husband” (Jehovah) is any sign of contrition or repentance.  She simply recognized that it had been better with her when she had worshiped Him instead of Baal and all the other false gods of Canaan; but her decision to return to Him was  merely the acknowledgment that He seemed to be a better god than the others.  This, however, fell far short of recognizing that He wasn’t just one of a multitude of gods, but that He was the only God, the others being but the figments of men’s darkened minds.

2:8.  “For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, which they prepared for Baal.”

The ignorance of that generation of Israel relative to Jehovah, points up the need for believers to instruct their children thoroughly in the things of God.  Through failure to give that instruction, the knowledge of Him can be lost completely in just one generation, the present generation of Christendom being the living proof of that assertion, for the great majority of them have no more knowledge of Him than do the heathen.  For the most part this scripturally ignorant generation never gives a thought to the fact that He even exists.  The “gods” to whom they attribute all their blessings are money, education, and pleasure, their idolatry being no less real because of the absence of literal idols.

Silver and gold are the biblical symbols of salvation and glory respectively, and Israel had had “silver” multiplied to her on the night of the Passover when Jehovah had redeemed her from the bitter bondage of Egypt; and He had multiplied her “gold” when He set her above the other nations in the reigns of David and Solomon.  But she had forgotten all this, and when He multiplied her literal silver and gold, she molded it into images of Baal before which she prostrated herself in idolatrous worship.

2:9.  “Therefore will I return and take away my corn in the time thereof, and my wine in the season thereof, and will recover my wool and my flax given to cover her nakedness.”

By drought and blight the Lord diminished Israel’s grain, grape, and flax harvests; and the recovery of His wool indicates His depletion of their flocks, possibly by infertility and disease.

Though undiscerned by spiritually blind eyes and darkened minds, the spiritual counterparts of these chastisements are evident everywhere throughout the professing but apostate church.  Corn is one of the biblical symbols of the written Word as spiritual food to nourish men’s souls; and wine, of that same Word to cheer and encourage their hearts, but the abysmal ignorance both of the literal and spiritual content of Scripture furnishes incontrovertible evidence that Christendom also lies under the same chastisement as did the Israel addressed by Hosea, and for the same reason: she too has forgotten God, and is giving to idols the worship due to Him alone.

The spiritual counterpart of the diminished wool and flax “given to cover her (Israel’s) nakedness” is also glaringly apparent everywhere today.  Clothing speaks of righteousness, either the righteousness of Christ which clothes the believer, or the “filthy rags” of self-righteousness to which the unbeliever clings in his blindness.  It is sadly evident that the righteousness which ought to accompany conversion is little seen today even in the lives of believers, while the blatant parade of every form of sin in society in general, thunders the truth that “the wool and the flax” have been taken away, and that judgment is about to break on the heads of earth’s rebels.

2:10.  “And now will I discover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of mine hand.”

The vileness in the heart of Israel, but disguised under the outward mask of religion in the form of Baal worship, was about to be exposed and punished; and so is it with today’s society.  The world’s wickedness, also disguised under the vail of religion, is about to be exposed, and punished by the terrible Tribulation judgments, which will reveal the holiness of God and His utter abhorrence of evil.

“... and none shall deliver her out of mine hand.”  As there were none to deliver sinful Israel out of Jehovah’s mighty hand, neither will there be any able to deliver from His righteous wrath in the quickly approaching Tribulation era.  The vaunted might of man will then be revealed for the puny thing it is in spite of its imposing facade.

As noted already, however, consideration of the corporate shouldn’t blind us to what relates to the individual.  Daily, thousands are swept in their sins from time into eternity, to await in the torment of hell their eventual arraignment at the great white throne, from which they will be banished body, soul, and spirit, into the unquenchable eternal flame of the lake of fire.  What utter folly it is to reject or neglect the salvation, purchased at such cost at Calvary, which would deliver every believer from judgment and assure him of heaven!

2:11.  “I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast day, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.”

Israel’s mirth was about to give place to weeping; her feasting to famine.  Since the moon is one of the biblical symbols of corporate testimony, God’s causing her new moons to cease seems to be the symbolic announcement that future (new) generations of her children would be a testimony to the folly of disobedience, instead of what God wanted them to be: a testimony to the blessedness of obedience.

Since the sabbath is synonymous with rest, the taking away of her sabbaths is simply another way of saying that her bitter slavery in Assyria would be unrelieved by any periods of rest.  And the ending of her solemn feasts declared that her celebrations of God’s goodness would be exchanged for her bitter lament as she languished under His chastisement.

Spiritually enlightened minds will have no difficulty seeing in all of this the foreshadowing of the still more terrible judgments which are about to overtake this present evil world.

2:12.  “And I will destroy her vines and her fig trees, whereof she hath said, These are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them.”

The vines and fig trees with which God had blessed her land, she had foolishly attributed to the imagined beneficence of the Baalim, viewing the vines and fig trees as tokens of the love of these “gods” conjured up by her own darkened and deluded mind.  Who can measure the depths of error to which apostasy may lead its blinded dupes!  Foolish Israel failed to realize that in her veneration of the Baalim she was actually worshiping Satan, and thereby kindling the wrath of the One Who loved her, and Who had blessed her so abundantly.  Her idolatry was about to transmute His blessing into cursing; what He had given for her enjoyment and pleasure He was about to give to the beasts of the field, while she would have to exist on what her Assyrian taskmasters might choose to give her.

2:13.  “And I will visit upon her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense to them, and she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels, and she went after her lovers, and forget me, saith the Lord.”

Her true Benefactor, Whose great patience she had finally exhausted, was now to requite her for all the years she had worshiped the imaginary gods of Canaan, bedecking herself with earrings and jewels, and reveling in all the vile licentiousness practiced in the name of worship - and all the while forgetting her true Lover, Jehovah.

2:14.  “Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her.”

How great are the love and kindness of God!  Even in the midst of judgment He remembers mercy.  His chastisement of Israel was not for her destruction, but to lead her to repentance, so that He might again bless her.

It is an eloquent testimony to the perversity of human nature that only in adversity will men seek God.  Prosperity almost invariably causes them to become independent, and to forget Him.  When He had brought Israel out of Egyptian bondage into the wilderness, and then into the riches of Canaan flowing with milk and honey, she quickly forgot Him, and so is it with most of us.  When the lines are falling unto us in pleasant places we too tend to forget Him, calling upon Him only when trouble overtakes us.  Hence the need to bring rebel Israel again out of Canaan into the equivalent of a wilderness: captivity in Assyria.  Only thus would she learn that God alone has the power to bless or to curse, the former being His reward of obedience; the latter, His recompense of rebellion.

“... and speak comfortably unto her” is to speak gently, tenderly, lovingly to her heart.

That “wilderness” experience foreshadows what will befall Israel, and the nations also, in the fast approaching Tribulation era when Divine judgment will bring a remnant of Israel and of the Gentiles to repentance and faith in Christ, the living believers entering the Millennium to enjoy its blessings; and those believers who die during those terrible years, entering heaven to enjoy eternal blessings with us and with the resurrected saints of the OT age.

2:15.  “And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the days when she came up out of the land of Egypt.”

“... from thence” is literally “in the place where she experiences My judgments is the very place in which she will once again enjoy My blessing.”  This looks on to the Millennium when the earth, ravished by the Tribulation judgments will be transformed so that “the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose,” Isa 35:1.

And the reference to the valley of Achor is peculiarly appropriate, for it is to be remembered that that same valley had been the scene of Divine judgment in an earlier day in connection with Achan’s sin, see Jos 7; but concerning it also we read that in the Millennium, “Sharon shall be a fold of flocks, and the valley of Achor a place for the herds to lie down in, for my people that have sought me,” Isa 65:10.  The lesson of Achor, meaning to trouble, is that sin must be dealt with and put away before God will bless.  Only through the trouble of chastisement would Israel be led to repentance and blessing.

Clearly the promise of this verse is to have its fulfillment in the Millennium when the believing remnant, the new Israel, will sing the praises of the God to Whom she will have been reconciled as a result of the Tribulation judgments.  It is to be noted also that her past deliverance from Egypt, and her having been brought into Canaan, are themselves simply OT foreshadowings of her yet future deliverance out of the hand of the beast at the end of the Tribulation.

This typological picture is just another proof that many past events in Israel’s history are but miniatures of things yet future, a fact which should impel us to recognize that God has woven into the literal language of the OT the annunciation of deeper truths than will be perceived by the casual reader.

2:16.  “And it shall be at that day, saith the Lord, that thou shalt call me Ishi; and shalt call me no more Baali.”

“... that day” is obviously the millennial age, for it will not be until that day that Israel, by means of the Tribulation judgments, will be brought to fulfill this prediction.

“Ishi” here means my husband, but in other places my salvation; and Baali, my lord.  The tender loving care of God for His redeemed is here set before us under the figure of a loving husband’s care for his wife, and is the antithesis of the harsh cruel tyranny of a slave master, for the sinister spirit portrayed by all the idols which men in their ignorance worship, is Satan, whose only interest in men is to make them sharers of his own terrible fate, which is to suffer eternal torment in the lake of fire.

2:17.  “For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their name.”

Following her conversion or reconciliation to Jehovah in the Tribulation, and her enjoyment of that new relationship in the Millennium, Israel will cease to invoke the false gods which she has worshiped in the past, and will worship only Jehovah, His chastisements having taught her the enormity of her folly.

2:18.  “And in that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely.”

This continues to describe millennial conditions, for other Scriptures make it clear that in that coming halcyon age all of these things will be fulfilled, see for example, Isa 11:6-9, “The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.  And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.  And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice” den.  They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea,” and Isa 2:4, “... and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.”

2:19.  “And I will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies.”

This is the assurance that the union yet to be established between God and the believing remnant of Israel in the Millennium will be eternal; and its being “in righteousness” declares with equal certainty that the righteousness imputed, not only to believing Israel, but to every believer, of every age, is a righteousness which can never be lost.  The eternal life received by faith is characterized by an eternally enduring righteousness.

“... and in judgment (justice).”  Another characteristic of the new life of faith is that it rests upon a basis of perfect justice.  Sin requires that the transgressor die, and God’s failure to execute that sentence would make Him a liar (and therefore cease to be God), for it is He Who declared to Adam - and through him to all men - “In the day that thou eatest thereof, i.e., sin, thou shalt surely die,” Ge 2:17.  That sentence was carried out at Calvary when the last Adam, the Lord Jesus Christ yielded up the human life forfeited by the rebellion of the first Adam, thus meeting the just claim of God against man.  Just as the sin of the first Adam is imputed to the whole human race because he was the federal head of that race, so is the righteousness of Christ imputed to every man who accepts God’s indictment, and trusts in Christ as Savior, as it is written, “For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened (made alive) by the Spirit,” 1 Pe 3:18.

“... and in lovingkindness.”  Love and kindness beyond the ability of human minds to comprehend will mark God’s dealings with believing Israel in the Millennium, as they do with every man who trusts in Christ as Savior.

“... and in mercies.”  Mercy withholds deserved punishment, while grace bestows undeserved blessing.  Israel’s sin was such that God would have been justified in consigning her to the eternal torment of the lake of fire, yet in measureless grace, and because of Calvary, He will yet restore her to the place of love and honor pictured in the marriage relationship.

The use of the plural “mercies” is also to be noted.  God will yet pardon, not just one of Israel’s many sins, but all of them, as He does also the multiplied sins of every man who trusts in the Lord Jesus Christ as Savior.

2:20.  “I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the Lord.”

That relationship into which Israel is yet to be brought, will be marked by faithfulness on her part similar to that which will mark His dealings, not only with her, but with everyone who knows Christ as Savior. 

2:21.  “And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth;”

2:22.  “And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.”

These two verses are generally understood to mean that in the Millennium there will be abundant harvests, as it is written, “Behold, the days some, saith the Lord, that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall melt.  And I will bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruits of them.  And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be pulled up out of their land which I have given them, saith the Lord thy God,” Am 9:13-15.

This section might be paraphrased, “The heavens, responding to the need of the earth for water, it in turn responding to the need of the grain fields, the vineyards, and olive trees, will ask God for the rain to meet all these needs, and He will give it in abundance.  There will no longer be drought and famine.  The millennial earth will burgeon.” “... and they shall hear Jezreel.”  Since Jezreel means it will be sown of God, the thought seems to be that the productivity of the earth will be the equivalent of nature’s joyous declaration that God Himself will have done the sowing.

2:23.  “And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God.”

The fecundity of the earth in that day will be matched by the proliferation of the people, God Himself being the Sower, so that Israel will no more be called Lo-ruhamah not having obtained mercy, nor Lo-ammi not my people, but rather those who will have obtained mercy, and who will be acknowledged by God as My people, they responding with the grateful confession, Thou art my God.  See Ro 9:25-26, where Paul quotes from this verse.

[Hosea 3]


     Scripture portions taken from the Holy Bible, King James Version
© 2000-2005 James Melough