by Jim Melough
Copyright 2000 James Melough
The contents of these Bible studies evolved from notes compiled in the course of preparing lectures for small Bible study classes, in the course of which I became aware that in the typological language of the Bible, particularly the Old Testament, there was a wealth of teaching unrecognized, and therefore neglected, by the vast majority of Christians. The study of biblical typology has added a new dimension to my own personal study of Scripture, and it is with a view to helping others enjoy that experience that these studies are now made available on the Internet.
A word of caution! Like prophecy, biblical typology has been discredited in the minds of many by the vagaries of those whose fanciful interpretations insult rather than instruct the intelligence. The interpretation of biblical types, like the interpretation of Scripture in general, is governed by laws which when ignored render the interpretation at best worthless, and at worst, dangerous. A fundamental law governing the study of typology is that the correct interpretation will always be in harmony with the general teaching of Scripture, and will shed additional light on that teaching. It will never contradict the obvious truths of Scripture. Another basic principle governing the study of the Bible’s types is that what a symbol means in one place is what it means throughout the whole Book. For example, the wind (singular) is always a type of the Holy Spirit, see Jn 3:8, “The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.” Winds (plural) represent spirits, good or bad, the context indicating which category is meant.
Silver always speaks of redemption; gold, of divine glory; brass, of judgment; iron, of strength; water, of the written Word; leprosy, of sin; leaven, of wrong doctrine. The list could be multiplied. Compass directions also have consistent meaning throughout Scripture. The east, for example, always signifies sin and departure from God; the west, approach to God; the north, intelligence; the south, faith. For a fuller explanation of the types in general see the notes on Genesis chapter 1.
The studies are presented in a verse by verse format so that the reader may easily find information for a specific verse by simply clicking on it. I pray that your study of these notes will afford you as much pleasure as their preparation has brought me.
Please note, that the italicized words following some of the proper names in the Scripture verses are the meanings of those names and are not part of the King James translation itself, e.g. in Genesis 48:7 "...Bethlehem house of bread." I have inserted them simply for the convenience of the readers.
Your comments and questions are welcome. You can reach me at firstname.lastname@example.org
The studies are presented with the prayer that they will be used for God’s glory in the instruction and spiritual enrighment of believers, and in the salvation of those who haven’t yet trusted the Lord Jesus Christ as Savior.
[Return to Bible Studies]