For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Romans 15:4



 A Bible Study - Commentary by Jim Melough

Copyright 2005 James Melough

29:1.  “And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest’s office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish,”


As a man became an Aaronic priest only by being born as a son of Aaron, so do men today become spiritual priests only by being born again spiritually into Christ’s family through faith in Him as Savior.


The Levitical priests are types of believers of whom it is written that God has “made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth,” Revelation 5:10.  As those OT priests were to be hallowed, i.e., consecrated, dedicated, sanctified (set apart) for God’s service, so are we also to consecrate, dedicate, and sanctify ourselves to Him and His service.  We are to keep ourselves separate from the things of the world, consecrated (set apart) exclusively for God’s service; dedicated (devoted completely) to Him and His work.


“... to minister unto me,” i.e., they were to devote themselves to serving Him.  We too are to dedicate ourselves entirely to His service.  The common attitude today is to devote ourselves to our own advancement in the things of this world, what we do for God being relegated to our spare time, and even then only after we have devoted the major part of that time to the pursuit of our own interests, God being given - and that begrudgingly - what little time is left.  We ignore the injunction given by Paul in 1 Corinthians 10:31, “... whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God,” and the further admonition recorded in Ecclesiastes 9:10, “Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might ....”  Nor is our service to be rendered to elicit the praise of men, see Ephesians 6:6-7, “Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers: but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart; with good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men.”  See also Colossians 3:22.


Before beginning their service they were to take “one young bullock, and two rams without blemish.”


The young bullock is a type of Christ rendering His service in the energy of utter devotedness to His Father, as He Himself declared, “For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of Him that sent me,” John 6:38.  As in all things, He is to be the pattern for our service which is to be rendered willingly in the same spirit as motivated Him.


But the bullock had to die, and in this we have a symbolic picture of the Lord’s sacrifice of Himself, for His service was even unto death, as it is written, “And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross,” Philippians 2:8.


We too are to live as those who are dead to the things of the world, as declared by Paul, “How shall we that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?  Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?  Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.  For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.  For he that is dead is freed from sin.  Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him: knowing that Christ being raised from the death dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him.  For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.  Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.  Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof,” Romans 6:2-12


Two unblemished rams were also to be offered, but since two is the biblical number of witness or testimony, God would have us see in these two rams another figure of the Lord Jesus Christ: He was the perfect Witness to the holiness of God, but also to the corruption of unconverted men “dead in trespasses and sins,” Ephesians 2:1.  Christ’s perfect life glorified the Father, but His vicarious death has secured also the salvation of every repentant believing sinner. 


29:2.  “And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.”


Leaven is a type of sin, so that unleavened bread is a figure of the Lord Jesus Christ, the sinless One, Who came to earth as the bread of life, He Himself declaring, “I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger ....” John 6:35.  See also John 6:41, “I am the bread which came down from heaven.”


Its being emphasized that the flour was to be wheaten, reminds us again of what the Lord said concerning Himself, “Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit,” John 12:24.  He was the true corn of wheat Who came down to earth to redeem men’s souls by the sacrifice of Himself.


As the loaf of bread speaks of Christ, so do the unleavened cakes seem to represent Him in His relationship with each individual believer.  The fact that they were composed of the same unleavened wheaten flour as the loaf, tells us that every believer is possessed also of the Lord’s sinless life and nature, “In Him is no sin,” 1 John 3:5, and it is written, “As he is, so are we in this world,” 1 John 4:17.  This same identity of nature was declared by the first Adam relative to his bride, who is a type of the Church, the bride of the last Adam, when he said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man,” Genesis 2:23.


Tempered means anointed with: mingled with: soaked in, but since oil is a type of the Holy Spirit those oil-anointed cakes portray believers as those who are not just anointed with the Holy Spirit: He indwells us.  Paul gives this assurance explicitly in 1 Corinthians 3:16, “Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?” repeating it again in 1 Corinthians 6:19-20, “What?  Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?  For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.”


29:3.  “And thou shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.”


Their being put into one basket is the figurative announcement of the fact that believers are a corporate body of which Christ is the Head, their union with Him being further emphasized in that they were to be brought “with the bullock and the two rams.”


29:4.  “And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.”


The literal washing of the Aaronic priests is the OT foreshadowing of the truth that every believer has been washed in the blood of Christ which “cleanseth us from all sin,” 1 John 1:7.


29:5.  “And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod:”


29:6.  “And thou shalt put the miter upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the miter.”


See the notes on chapter 28:4 for the spiritual significance of these items.


29:7.  “Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.”


The head is the seat of the intellect, and concerning man it is written that, “As he thinketh in his heart, so is he,” Proverbs 23:7, and in Genesis 6:5 we read that, “God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.”  The new, i.e., born again man however, is exhorted to think differently, God’s command to him being, “... whatsoever things are true ... honest...  just... pure... lovely... of good report: if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.” Philippians 4:8.


29:8.  “And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them.”


This is the metaphoric reiteration of the fact that until the “filthy rags” of self-righteousness are replaced with the righteousness of Christ, a man cannot hope to enter heaven, that exchange occurring the moment he confesses himself a sinner, and trusts in the Lord Jesus Christ as Savior.


29:9.  “And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest’s office shall be theirs for a perpetual statue: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.”


This need of their being girded with girdles foreshadows the truth of Ephesians 6:14-15, “Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness; and your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace.”


Their need of bonnets points symbolically to the further NT truth of Philippians 2:5-8, “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus; who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: but made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.”


The priest’s office being theirs “for a perpetual statute” declares the truth that the believer’s priesthood, which begins at the moment of conversion, will continue eternally.


29:10.  “And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.”


As discussed already, the bullock is a type of Christ, and their putting their hands upon its head is the typological declaration of the truth that through faith in Him as Savior we are eternally identified with the Lord Jesus Christ.


29:11.  “And thou shalt kill the bullock before the Lord;, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.”


This foreshadows the truth that the Lord must die; and the ram’s having to die “by the door of the tabernacle” reminds us that by His death He has become for all who trust Him as Savior “the way, the truth, and the life,” He himself warning “I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me,” John 14:6. "I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture," John 10:9.


29:12.  “And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.”


The four horns of the altar pointed to the four corners of the earth, and the placing of the blood upon them is heaven’s assurance that the blood of Christ is efficacious to cleanse the sin of every member of the human race who will trust Him as Savior.


The pouring out of the remainder of the blood “beside the bottom of the altar,” is the symbolic announcement of heaven that he who will not trust Christ as Savior cannot be saved, his unbelief robbing the blood of its power to save him, God’s warning being that, “If we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.  He that despised Moses’ law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?” Hebrews 10:26-29.


29:13.  “And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.”


The fat, which except in the smallest quantity, is too rich for human digestion, speaks of that in the Lord’s death which is beyond human comprehension, the Father alone being able to measure the worth of the Lord’s sin-atoning sacrifice.  The smoke of the burning fat rising up from the altar portrays the fragrance to God of the Lord’s death, that death being first for the Father’s glory, and then for the redemption of our souls, as it is written, “... Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God ....” Hebrews 9:14.


29:14.  “But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.”


This still has to do with the Lord’s death, but from an entirely different perspective.  It teaches the lesson that when He voluntarily assumed responsibility for our sins, taking them upon Himself as though they were His own, when God “made Him Who knew no sin, to be sin for us, that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him,” the Father turned His face from Him, and poured out upon Him, without mitigation, all His righteous wrath and judgment, the extremity of the Lord’s anguish being disclosed in His desolate cry, “My God, my God, Why hast thou forsaken me?” Matthew 27:46.


29:15.  “Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.”


29:16.  “And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.”


The placing of the hands of Aaron and his sons upon the head of the ram signified the transfer of their sin to this divinely appointed substitute, its immediate death declaring the deadly nature of sin.  The type is fulfilled when the sinner trusts in the Lord Jesus Christ, seeing in Him the One who has voluntarily become his Substitute, and Who has died in his stead for his sins.


The blood sprinkled on the four sides of the altar continues to emphasize the universal efficacy of Christ’s blood to cleanse all the sin of those who trust Him as Savior, and to sanctify their service.


29:17.  “And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.”


The dissection of the ram certified that the outward perfection was duplicated also in the inward parts, and it points to the impeccability of Christ.  His terrible death by crucifixion revealed the same perfect submission to His Father’s will as had been demonstrated in His obedient life.  The washing of the parts further emphasized symbolically the Lord’s perfect purity.  “... his legs” point to His outward walk or manner of life; “his head” represents His inward life, His thoughts and emotions.  All were alike holy.


29:18.  “And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the Lord: it is a sweet savor, an offering made by fire unto the Lord.”


This certifies that the Lord’s death was first for the Father’s glory, and then for the expiation of our sins.


29:19.  “And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.”


In this identification of Aaron and his sons with the ram we are being shown the eternal union that exists between the redeemed and the Lord Jesus Christ.


29:20.  “Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.”


The continued emphasis upon the killing of the ram reinforces the truth that apart from the sin-atoning death of the Lord Jesus Christ there could be no redemption of men’s souls.


The application of the blood to the tip of Aaron’s right ear declares that the Lord’s obedience was even unto death.  Its being placed on the right ears of his sons tells us that our obedience is to be of similar character.  The right side is associated with the activity of power; and the left side with submission, so that the lesson being taught here symbolically is that there is to be obedient listening to the Lord’s commands.


Since the right hand speaks of exercised power, the blood on the right thumb tells us that all the activity of our lives is to be according to the Lord’s direction.  And because the right foot speaks of the walk or manner of life, the blood-anointed right foot translates into the fact that our lives are to be lived in such fashion as will glorify Christ.


The sprinkling of the blood on all four sides of the altar continues to emphasize the universal efficacy of Christ’s blood to cleanse all the sin of those who trust Him as Savior, and to sanctify their service.


29:21.  “And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons’ garments with him.”


As the blood speaks of redemption, so does the oil portray the Holy Spirit; its being sprinkled on Aaron and his garments, and on his sons’ and their garments, teaches the truth that we who are the spiritual sons of the true Aaron are not only anointed by the Holy Spirit, but also indwelt by Him.  Its being sprinkled also on their garments is the reminder that every activity of our lives is to be under the Holy Spirit’s control, for as has been noted already, garments are to the body what habits are to the life.


29:22.  “Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration:”


As has been discussed already, the fat represents that of Christ which is fully comprehensible only to the Father, the kidneys enclosed by the fat portraying His inward thoughts and emotions, while the meaty rump may represent the richness of the Lord’s life in the sight of the Father.


Since the right shoulder is the biblical symbol of strength it speaks here of Christ’s omnipotence.  Its being a ram of consecration points to the fact that the Lord’s devotion to the will of the Father was exercised in the power of that same omnipotence.  He was consecrated, i.e., devoted to doing the Father’s will with all the inherent power that was His as God the Son, even while He was here on earth in a human body.


29:23.  “And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the Lord:”


The one loaf of bread represents Christ as the true Bread Who came down from heaven, He Himself declaring, “... my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.  For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world .... I am the bread of life,” John 6:32-35.


He is represented also by the “one cake of oiled bread,” the emphasis here being on the fact that He was anointed by the Holy Spirit as portrayed by the oil.


The “one wafer” focuses attention on His sufferings, for in the process of becoming a wafer the bread was pressed out to minimal thickness, that “pressing” being accomplished when the Lord experienced what is written in Psalm 88:7, “Thy wrath lieth hard upon me ....”  The process also involved the fire, relative to which it is written, “From above hath he sent fire into my bones ....” Lamentations 1:13.


29:24.  “And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the Lord.”


The wave offering was presented horizontally towards the altar, in contrast with the heave offering which was lifted up towards heaven.  The wave offering speaks of God’s having come down to our level in the person of His Son, the man Christ Jesus: the heave offering is associated more with Him as the mighty eternal God of heaven


Its being put in the hands of Aaron as a wave offering points to the truth that the Lord Jesus Christ, our Great High Priest “... offered Himself without spot to God ....” Hebrews 9:14.


The parts of the sacrifice being put also in the hands of Aaron’s sons is a type that is fulfilled every time we worship the Father for His having given His Son to die in our guilty stead, for worship is always to be addressed to the Father, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and at the impulse of the Holy Spirit.  There is no scriptural warrant for addressing prayer to any member of the Godhead other than the Father, see e.g., Matthew 6:6,9; Luke 11:2.


29:25.  “And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savor before the Lord: it is an offering made by fire unto the Lord.”


Its being said that the offering was “made by fire,” goes beyond the literal, and points also to the involvement of the Holy Spirit, Who is presented in Scripture under the figure of fire, e.g., Acts 2:2-4, “And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house ... and there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.  And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost ....”


29:26.  “And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron’s consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the Lord: and it shall be thy part.”


In Scripture the breast is associated with affection and love, and the mention of it here is meant to teach us that it was love on God’s part that impelled Him to institute a system of worship which enabled men to enter into His Holy presence reverently, but unafraid, and still live.  In this present age of grace, in which OT type has given place to NT reality, the announcement of God’s love comes in crystal clear language, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life,” John 3:16. 


And by virtue of Christ’s sin-atoning death we have the further assurance of Hebrews 10:19-22, “Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the vail, that is to say, his flesh; and having an high priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith,, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.”  (The “pure water” here, incidentally, is the pure water of the Word, see Ephesians 5:26, “That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word”).


29:27.  “And thou shalt sanctify (set apart) the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:”


As already noted, the breast speaks of affection and love; the shoulder, of strength and power, and in keeping with this is the fact that the breast was waved horizontally, i.e., on our level, while the shoulder was heaved up towards heaven, the abode of God.  We need to experience God’s love at the human level which we can in a measure at least understand; but in our warfare with Satan and the world, we need the omnipotence of God put forth on our behalf.


29:28.  “And it shall be Aaron’s and his sons’ by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the Lord.”


Since Aaron is a type of the Lord Jesus Christ, his sons are types of believers, for in this connection the Lord Himself has said, “Behold I and the children which God hath given me,” Hebrews 2:13.  This statement therefore seems to carry us forward to what will be in the Millennium when the Levitical system of worship will be reinstated, and will be the order for Jews and Gentiles alike.  It seems that “for ever,” as used here, doesn’t embrace time beyond the Millennium.


29:29.  “And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons’ after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them.”


Having noted already that garments are to the body what habits are to the life, this translates into the declaration that the holiness required of Aaron and his sons applies also to all believers.  There can be no acceptable service apart from holy living.


29:30.  “And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.”


This continues to emphasize the imperative of holiness if we would render God acceptable service; and since seven is the biblical number of perfection or completeness, the seven days represent the whole of the believer’s life.


29:31.  “And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh in the holy place.”


29:32.  “And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.”


“... seethe” means “to boil,” a process that requires fire, a pot, water, and meat; and the spiritual lesson is easily read when we understand the spiritual significance of the things mentioned.  The fire represents the Holy Spirit; the pot represents the person studying the Word; the water in the pot represents his present knowledge of Scripture; and the meat is the portion of Scripture being studied.  I will understand what I’m presently studying only to the extent that the indwelling Holy Spirit is unquenched and ungrieved; and I will understand also only in proportion to my present knowledge of Scripture.


The need to boil the flesh “in the holy place” announces the imperative of having a quiet place to which we can retreat to read and study without the distraction of the ordinary affairs of life.


The door of the Tabernacle separated the sanctity of the Tabernacle from the defilement of the world all around it, and their being commanded to eat on the Tabernacle side of the entrance curtain is the symbolic announcement of the truth that if we would nourish our souls on the Word of God we must take the necessary time to read, study, and pray in a place apart from the distractions of the busy world around us.


Their eating of the flesh of the ram may perhaps refer symbolically to the need of our remembering always that the redemption of our souls cost the Lord His life, He Himself declaring, “Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.  Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.  For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed,” John 6:53-55.


The “bread that is in the basket” was in the form of cakes, this being the symbolic demonstration of the truth that the Holy Spirit applies to our individual needs that part of Scripture which is exactly suited to our individual need.


29:33.  “And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.”


Eating is the symbolic equivalent of believing.  It is obedient faith in Christ that enables us to consecrate ourselves to His service, and that sets us apart as clean vessels suitable for His work.


The stranger is the scriptural type of the unbeliever, and of him it is written, “But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned,” 1 Corinthians 2:14.  Man in his natural state cannot understand any part of Scripture except the simple truth of the Gospel, and even that eludes him apart from the enlightening and convicting power of the Holy Spirit.  But this seems to imply that man therefore cannot be saved unless the Holy Spirit convicts him of his sin and shows him his need of a Savior.  And that is in fact the situation exactly, the seeming implication being then that man has no choice in the matter of his salvation. 


But he does have a choice, as is disclosed in the Lord’s gracious invitation, “Come unto me all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest,” Matthew 11:28, and in His lament, “Ye will not come to me, that ye might have life,” John 5:40.  This removes all doubt as to whether man has a free will to accept or reject God’s gift of eternal life.  What has to be taken into account however, is the matter of God’s foreknowledge, see Romans 8:29, “For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son ....”


But foreknowledge and predestination are two very different things which should never be equated.  Note carefully that God foreknows who will and who will not believe the Gospel, and He brings it to some who, He foreknows will reject it, and He withholds it from others who He also knows would reject it even if they did hear it.  This is a matter of His sovereign choice which He has not chosen to explain to us.


It is to be noted that predestination has to do with believers, not unbelievers; nor is it predestination to be saved, but to be conformed to Christ’s image.


29:34.  “And if ought of the flesh of consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.”


In the present context the morning typifies eternity, and the solemn truth being declared here is that as a man’s state is when he passes from time into eternity, so will it be for ever.  The believer’s bliss will be eternal, as will be also the torment of the unbeliever.  What folly then for men, believers and unbelievers alike, to spend their brief lives pursuing the vain things of this passing world!


29:35.  “And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them.”


Since seven is the biblical number of perfection or completeness, their being consecrated for seven days points to the fact that our dedication of ourselves to the Lord for His service, is to be lifelong.


29:36.  “And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.”


The need to offer a bullock every day for a sin offering declares the pervasive nature of sin.  It is everywhere, and affects everything we do, even our spiritual service, this latter fact being emphasized in that the sacrifice was for the cleansing of the altar.  The need to anoint the altar, and to sanctify it every day, teaches the lesson that we too must dedicate ourselves afresh each morning to the Lord’s service, and seek the anointing of the Holy Spirit for the activity of each day.


29:37.  “Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.”


The altar here represents our sphere of service, the seven days portraying the whole of our lives, the imperative of holiness relative to that service being declared in the daily need of making atonement for  the altar and sanctifying it; the need of personal holiness being emphasized in the words, “whosoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.”


29:38.  “Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.”


29:39.  “The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even:”


Like all the OT sacrifices, each one represented the Lord Jesus Christ, to Whom John the Baptist pointed, and said, “Behold the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world,” John 1:29.


The offering of two lambs, one offered in the morning, and the other in the evening, points to the continuous and eternal efficacy of Christ’s sacrifice to atone for sin.  Eternal ages will never change the believer’s blessedness.


29:40.  “And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.”


The flour represents the perfect humanity of the Lord Jesus Christ, the quantity - a tenth deal - pointing to His perfect obedience under the government of God, ten being the number of that government as expressed in the Ten Commandments. 


The mingling with the “fourth” part of a hin of beaten oil speaks of His perfect obedience under testing - of which four is the number - such as no other man has ever undergone.  The oil, as noted already, represents His being anointed with the Holy Spirit.  And since wine is the biblical symbol of joy, this drink offering declares the joy He found in doing His Father’s will, as it is written, “I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart,” Psalm 40:8.


29:41.  “And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat (meal) offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savor, an offering made by fire unto the Lord.”


This speaks of the perpetual efficacy of Christ’s sacrifice.  It continues through the night as in the daytime, the present reference to its being offered in the evening reminding us that all the vicissitudes of life are under His control, even the seeming tragedies being for His glory and our eternal blessing, enabling every believer to make his own the words of Psalm 23:4 “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.”


29:42.  “This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee,”


29:43.  “And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.”


“... at the door of the tabernacle,” continues to emphasize the importance of the Lord’s death as the only means by which men can enter the Divine presence, the Lord Himself declaring, “I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me,” John 14:6; “I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture,” John 10:9.


Relative to the Tabernacle’s being sanctified by God’s glory, the Church is the NT counterpart of the Tabernacle, and we should never forget that God is glorified by our obedience; and dishonored by our disobedience.


29:44.  “And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest’s office.”


To sanctify is to set apart for a holy purpose, so that the sanctification of the tabernacle foreshadows the NT truth that since the Church is composed of believers we too are set apart for God’s service, the sanctification of “both Aaron and his sons” being the reminder that since Aaron is a type of the Lord Jesus Christ, His sanctification is the pattern for ours: we are to emulate His perfect obedience.


29:45.  “And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.”


He dwells today, not just amongst believers, but in them, through the Holy Spirit Who indwells every believer.  His being their God certifies His right to govern their lives; and since He is our God that same truth applies to us.  In all things we are to be obedient to His will as revealed in His Word.


29:46.  “And they shall know that I am the Lord their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the Lord their God.”


The clear implication is that their obedience would enable them to know Him as their great and beneficent Deliverer.  We have been delivered from a bondage far more terrible than theirs, and at infinitely greater cost to Him: the death of His only beloved Son, so that our obligation to obey Him is also greater than theirs.


As their obedience would insure His dwelling amongst them, so will ours guarantee His presence and blessing: and the repeated “I am the Lord their God” reminds us that He who is our God is the Almighty.

[Exodus 30]


     Scripture portions taken from the Holy Bible, King James Version
© 2000-2005 James Melough