For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Romans 15:4



 A Bible Study - Commentary by Jim Melough

Copyright 2001 James Melough 

Since there is little in this chapter that requires, or lends itself to exposition - a conclusion that seems to be supported by the dearth of detailed exposition in existing commentaries - I shall simply list the verses, so that the occasional brief necessary comment or explanation will be easily available to the reader.

It is necessary, however, to note that some have seen in this chapter an allegorical picture of the course of the Church, from Pentecost till the Rapture, somewhat similar to that presented in the letters to the seven churches in Revelation chapters 2 and 3.  I personally do not see that picture in this chapter, and examination of the expository material relative to it does not convince me that such a picture exists.   

27:1.  “And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners unto one name Julius, a centurion of Augustus’ band.”

27:2.  “And entering into a ship of Adramyttium, we launched, meaning to sail by the coasts of Asia; one Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, being with us.

27:3.  “And the next day we touched at Sidon. And Julius courteously entreated Paul, and gave him liberty to go unto his friends to refresh himself.”

27:4.  “And when we had launched from thence, we sailed under Cyprus: because the winds were contrary.”

27:5.  “And when we had sailed over the sea of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra, a city of Lycia.”

27:6.  “And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria  sailing into Italy; and he put us therein.”

27:7.  “And when we had sailed slowly many days, and scarce were come over against Cnidus, the wind not suffering us, we sailed under Crete, over against Salmone.”

27:8.  “And, hardly passing it, came unto a place which is called The fair havens; nigh whereunto was the city of Lasea .”

27:9.  “Now when much time was spent, and when sailing was now dangerous, because the fast was now already past, Paul admonished them,”

The “fast” was that of the Day of Atonement, observed at the end of September or beginning of October.  In those days during the winter all sailing in the Mediterranean ceased because of the rough weather. 

27:10.  “And said unto them, Sirs, I perceive that this voyage will be with hurt and much damage, not only of the lading (cargo) and ship, but also of our lives.”

27:11.  “Nevertheless the centurion believed the master and the owner of the ship, more than those things which were spoken by Paul.”

27:12.  “And because the haven was not commodious (not suitable) to winter in, the more part advised to depart thence also, if by any means they might attain to Phenice, and there to winter; which is an haven of Crete, and lieth toward the south west and north west.”

27:13.  “And when the south wind blew softly, supposing that they had obtained their purpose, loosing thence, they sailed close by Crete.”

27:14.  “But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon (more accurately Euroquilo, the north easter).”

27:15.  “And when the ship was caught (in the storm), and could not bear up into the wind, we let her drive (be driven by the wind).”

27:16.  “And running under (in the shelter of) a certain island which is called Clauda, we had much work to come by the boat:”

“... come by the boat” is literally to secure or lash down the lifeboat.

27:17.  “Which when they had taken up, they used helps, undergirding the ship; and, fearing lest they should fall into the quicksands, strake sail, and so were driven.”

“... they used helps, undergirding the ship” means that they passed cables round the ship to reinforce it.

27:18.  “And we being exceedingly tossed with a tempest, the next day they lightened the ship; (by jettisoning the cargo)”

27:19.  “And the third day we cast out with our own hands the tackling of the ship.” 

Tackling is literally furniture, i.e., apparatus used in connection with the sailing of the ship.

27:20.  “And when neither sun nor stars in many days appeared, and no small tempest lay on us, all hope that we should be saved was then taken away.”

27:21.  “But after long abstinence Paul stood forth in the midst of them, and said, Sirs, ye should have hearkened unto me, and not have loosed from Crete, and to have gained this harm and loss.”

“... long abstinence” means that they had gone without regular meals for several days.

27:22.  “And now I exhort you to be of good cheer: for there shall be no loss of any man’s life among you, but of the ship.”

27:23.  “For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve,”

27:24.  “Saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath given thee all them that sail with thee.”

This is further confirmation that Paul had not been guilty of any disobedience in going up to Jerusalem, and participating in the temple ritual in connection with the vow and ceremonial purification of the four men mentioned in chapter 21.

27:25.  “Wherefore, sirs, be of good cheer: for I believe God, that it shall be even as it was told me.”

Faith in, and obedience to, God’s Word are the only things that can cheer the heart in times of trouble.

27:26.  “Howbeit we must be cast upon a certain island.”

27:27.  “But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven  up and down in Adria (the Adriatic Sea), about midnight the shipmen deemed (suspected) that they drew near to some country;”

27:28.  “And sounded, and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms.”

27:29.  “Then fearing lest we should have fallen upon rocks, they cast four anchors out of the stern, and wished for the day.”

27:30.  “And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under color (pretext) as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship,”

27:31.  “Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved.”

27:32.  “Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat, and let her fall off.”

27:33.  “And while the day was coming on, Paul besought them all to take meat (food), saying, This day is the fourteenth day that ye have tarried and continued fasting, having taken nothing.”

27:34.  “Wherefore I pray you to take some meat (food): for this is for your health: for there shall not an hair fall from the head of any of you.”

27:35.  “And when he had thus spoken, he took bread, and gave thanks to God in presence of them all: and when he had broken it, he began to eat.”

27:36.  “Then were they all of good cheer, and they also took some meat (food).”

27:37.  “And we were in all in the ship two hundred threescore and sixteen souls.”

27:38.  “And when they had eaten enough, they lightened the ship, and cast out the wheat into the sea.”

27:39.  “And when it was day, they knew not the land: but they discovered a certain creek with a shore, into the which they were minded, if it were possible, to thrust in the ship.”

27:40.  “And when they had taken up the anchors, they committed themselves unto the sea, and loosed the rudder bands (two large steering oars on either side of the ship), and hoisted up the mainsail to the  wind, and made toward shore,”

27:41.  “And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.”

27:42.  “And the soldiers’ counsel was to kill the prisoners, lest any of them should swim out, and escape.”

27:43.  “But the centurion, willing to save Paul, kept them from their purpose; and commanded that they which could swim should cast themselves first into the sea, and get to land:”

27:44.  “And the rest, some on boards, and some on broken pieces of the ship.  And it came to pass, that they escaped all safe to land.”

[Acts 28]


     Scripture portions taken from the Holy Bible, King James Version
© 2000-2005 James Melough